EU Harmonised Qualifications

In some sectors, the training requirements have been harmonised and there is automatic recognition of professional qualifications. In order to get over the practical difficulties in determining equivalence, the EU has defined minimum standards in these sectors in various sector-specific directives. The general Qualifications Directive does not apply.

There are Directives in relation to doctors, nurses, dentists, vets as well as a wide range of skills and qualifications in manufacturing, processing, food, and building industries. There is automatic recognition of qualifications for the specified trades and professions.

There is a system of automatic recognition of qualifications attested by professional experience. This approach applies to certain industrial, craft and commercial activities. Activities in this category cover various sectors ranging from textiles to chemical industry including printing manufacture and construction.

The automatic recognition of qualifications is attested by professional experience. Conditions of duration and the form of professional experience must be met. Recognition is based on the duration and form of professional experience in a self-employed or employed category in the relevant sector. Previous training is also taken into account and this may reduce the amount of experience required.

Minimum training conditions are prescribed which cover the doctors, nurses, other healthcare professionals, dentists, dental practitioners, vets, midwives, pharmacists, and architects. The Directives lay down the minimum standards of training. Once these standards are met, recognition is automatic. The host state must accept the qualifications as equivalent.

There is automatic recognition of certain qualifications including doctors, nurses,dentists, vets, midwives, pharmacists, and architects.Member states must ensure that health sector professionals update their knowledge skills and competences through continuous professional development. This applies to doctors, nurses, mid-wives, dentists, pharmacists, architects and veterinary surgeons.

The substantive qualifications for lawyers are not harmonised in view of the significant differences in the Member States’ legal system There are special rules for lawyers providing services and establishing in the other Member States.